Spiral of Silence

Pre-internet studies show how people tend to shut up about policy issues when they think their views might not be shared. This is called the “spiral of silence.” In 2013, the Pew Research Center polled social media users after Edward Snowden blew the whistle on government surveillance.¬†According to the report, Facebook users were half as likely as others to share their political views in face-to-face (F2F) settings.